Peer Reviewed Research

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You will find the most recently published research at the top of this list.

Environmental Health Perspective, Peter James, Jaime E. Hart, Rachel F. Banay, & Francine Laden. Exposure to Greenness and Mortality in a Nationwide Perspective Cohort of Women. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (2016)

C.A. Smith, A. Bernett, E. Hanson, C. Garvin. Tapping Into Nature: The Future of Energy, Innovation, and Business. Terrapin Bright Green LLC, 2015.

Azkorra, Z., Pérez, G., Coma, J., Cabeza, L.F., Bures, S., Álvaro, J.E., Erkoreka, A., & Urrestarazu M. (2014). Evaluation of green walls as a passive acoustic insulation system for buildings. Applied Acoustics 89 (2015), 46-56. Retrieved from

Browning, W.D., Ryan, C.O., Clancy, J.O. (2014). 14 Patterns of Biophilic
Design. New York: Terrapin Bright Green, LLC.

Nieuwenhuis, M., Knight, C., Postmes, T., and Haslam, S.A. The Relative Benefits of Green Versus Lean Office Space: Three Field Experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 20(3) (Sep 2014), 199-214.

Salingaros, Nikos A. (2014).  Guest Editorial: Complexity, Patterns, and Biophilia. International Journal of Architectural Research, Vol. 8, No. 2.

Dela Cruz, M., Christensen, J.H., Dyrhauge-Thomesen, J., Mueller, R. (2014).  Can Ornamental Potted Plants Remove Volatile Organic Compounds from Indoor Air?  Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Asdrubali, F., D’Alessandro, F, and Mencarelli, N (2014) Sound Absorption Properties of Tropical Plants for Indoor Applications. Proceedings 21st International Congress on Sound and Vibration, Beijing, China, July 17, 2014

Zhang, H., Pennisi, S.V. , Kays S.J., Habteselassie, M.Y. (2013). Isolation and Identification of Toluene-Metabolizing Bacteria from Rhizospheres of Two Indoor Plants. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 224, 1648.

Terrapin Bright Green LLC. (2012). The Economics of Biophilia: Why Designing With Nature in Mind Makes Financial Sense. New York, NY and Washington, D.C.: Author.

Pegas, P.N., Alves, C.A., Nunes T., Bate-Epey, E.F., Evtyugina, M., and Pio, C.A. (2012). Could Houseplants Improve Indoor Air Quality in Schools? Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues 75 (22-23), 1371-1380.

Lichtenfeld, S., Elliot, A., Maier, M., and Pekrun, R. (2012). Fertile Green: Green Facilitates Creative Performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 38(6), 784-797.

Pennisi, S., van Iersel, M.W. (2012). Quantification of Carbon Assimilation of Plants in Simulated and In Situ InteriorscapesHortScience 47(4), 468-476.

Kim, K.J., Yoo, E.H., Kays, S. (2012). Decay Kinetics of Toluene Phytromediation Stimulation. HortScience 47(8), 1195-1198.

Rizwan, S.S., Nongkynrih, B., Gupta, S.K. (2012).  Air Pollution in New Dehli: It’s Magnitude and Effects on Health.  Indian Journal of Community Medicine 38(1), 4-8.

Pugh, T.A.M., MacKenzie, R, Whyatt, J.D., and Hewitt, C.N. (2012). Effectiveness of Green Infrastructure for Improvement of Air Quality in Urban Street Canyons. Environmental Science & Technology 46 (14), pp 7692-7699

Berman, M., Kross, E., Krpan, K., Askren, M. (2012). Interacting with nature improves cognition and affect for individuals with depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 140(3), 300-305.

Kim, J.K., Yoo, E.H., Jeong, M., Song, S., and Lee, S.Y., Kays, J. (2011) Changes in the Phytoremediation Potential of Indoor Plants with Exposure to Toluene. HortScience 46(12), 1646-1649.

Kim, K.J., Song, J.S., Kim, H.D., Yoo, E.H., Jeong, S.J., Han, S.W., Kays, S., Lim, Y.W., Kim, H.H., Jeong, M., Lee, D.W. (2010).  Variation in Formaldehyde Removal Efficiency Among Indoor Plant Species.  HortScience 45(10), 1489-1495.

Maas, J., Verheij, R.A., de Vries, S., Spreeuwenberg, P., Schellevis, F.G., Groenewegen, P.P. (2009). Morbidity is Related to a Green Living Environment. Journal of Epidemiol Community Health 63, 967-973.

Yang, D.S., Pennisi, S., Son, K.C., Kays, S.J.  (2009).  Screening Indoor Plants for Volatile Organic Pollutant Removal Efficiency.  HortScience 44(5), 1377-1381.

Doxey, J., and Waliczek, T.M. (2009). The Impact of Interior Plants in University Classrooms on Student Course Performance and on Student Perceptions of the Course and Instructor. HortScience Vol. 44(2), 384-391.

Dravigne, A., Waliczek, T.M., Lineberger, R.D.,  and J.M. Zajicek (2008). The Effect of Live Plants and Window Views of Green Spaces on Employee Perceptions of Job Satisfaction. HortScience 43(1),183-187.

McFarland, A.L., T.M. Waliczek, Zajicek, Z.M. (2008). The Relationship Between Student Use of Campus Green Spaces and Perceptions of Quality of Life.  HortTechnology Vol. 18(2), 232-238.

Park, S.H., Mattson, R. (2008). Effects of Flowering and Foliage Plants in Hospital Rooms on Patients Recovering from Abdominal Surgery.  HortTechnology 18, 563-568.

Kim, K.J., Kil, M.J., Song, J.S., Yoo, E.H., Son, K.C., Kays, S. J. (2008). Efficiency of Volatile Formaldehyde Removal by Indoor Plants: Contribution of Aerial Plant Parts versus the Root Zone.  Journal of American Society for Horticultural Science 133(4), 521-526.

Tarran, J., Torpy, F., Burchett, M. (2007) Use of Living Pot Plants to Cleanse Indoor Air – Research Review.  Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation & Energy Conservation in Buildings – Sustainable Built Environment 3, 249-256.

Burchett, M., Tarran, J., and Torpy, F. (2007). Potted Plants Improve Indoor Environmental Quality.  University of Technology, Sydney.

Haviland-Jones, J., Rosario, H.H., Wilson, J., and McGuire, T. (2005). An Environmental Approach to Positive Emotion: Flowers. Evolutionary Psychology 3, 104-132.

Burchett, M., Wood, R., Orwell, R., Tarran, J., Torpy, F., Alquezar, R. (2005). How and Why Potted-Plants Really Do Clean the Air. University of Technology, Sydney.

Rossi-Hansberg, E. (2004). Cities Under Stress. Journal of Monetary Economics Vol. 51, 903-927.

Snelgrove, A.G., Michael, J.H, Waliczek, T.M., and Zajicek, J.M. (2004). Urban Greening and Criminal behavior: A Geographic Information System Perspective. HortTechnology Vol. 14(1), 48-51.

Whitehouse, S., Varni, J.W., Seid, M., Cooper-Marcus, C., Ensberg, M.J., Jacobs, J.R., Mehlenbeck, R.S. (2001). Evaluating a Children’s Hospital Garden Environment: Utilization and Consumer Satisfaction.  Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21(3), 301-314.

Darlington, A., Dixon, M. (2000).  The Biofiltration of Indoor Air III: Air Flux and Temperature and Removal of VOCs. Environmental Science & Technology, 35(1), 240-246.

Lohr, V., Pearson-Mims, C.H. (1996). Particulate Matter Accumulation on Horizontal Surfaces in Interiors: Influence of Foliage Plants.  Atmospheric Environment Vol. 30(14), 2565-2568.

Kaplan, S. (1995) The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15(3), 169-182.

Ciese, M., Bauer-Doranth, U., Langebartels, C., Sandermann, H., (1994) Detoxification of Formaldehyde by the Spider Plant by Soybean Cell Suspension Cultures’.  Plant Physiology, 104, 1301-1309.

Relf, D. (1992). Human Issues in HorticultureHortTechnology April/June 2(2).

Wolverton, B.C., Wolverton, J.D. (1992).  Interior Plants: Their Influence on Airborne Microbes in Energy-Efficient Buildings. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences.  41(2), 99-105.